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exercises:2015_pitt:mp2

MP2 and RPA

In order to go beyond GGA and hybrid DFT, one option is to include wavefunction correlation terms. Recently, MP2 and RPA correlation have been added to CP2K 10.1016/j.cpc.2014.10.021, 10.1021/ct4002202, 10.1021/ct300531w. The implementation is aimed at condensed phase calculations (see e.g. 10.1021/jz401931f and 10.1021/jz501985w), and in the case of MP2 provides energies, forces and stress at O(N^5) cost, while RPA provides energies at O(N^4) cost.

However, significant computer resources need to be available for condensed phase calculations. We will start with gas phase calculations first, even though RI-GPW is not particularly efficient in this case.

1. Task: Benzene dimer MP2 binding energy

Employ the provided input file to compute the benzene dimer binding energy. The provided dimer geometry is optimized already. To obtain the energy of the monomer, geometry optimization is necessary (is it?).

Topics:

  • RI approach (RI_MP2_GPW and RI_AUX_BASIS_SET)
  • Wavelet solver (PSOLVER WAVELET, CENTER_COORDINATES)
  • gas phase HFX calculation
  • Parallel efficiency (NUMBER_PROC, MEMORY, BLOCK_SIZE)

2. Task: Benzene monomer RPA energy: frequency integration

RPA is HFX+RPA correlation. It can be performed with HFX orbitals and eigenvalues, but also based on e.g. GGA or hybrid orbitals. Two advantages over MP2 are : 1) scaling is O(N^4) (for RI-dRPA with frequency integration). 2) it is applicable for systems with a small gap.

Here, we look at the convergence of the RPA energy as a function of the number of integration points (RPA_NUM_QUAD_POINTS). Change this parameter in the range 6-20. For large systems the time needed for the calculations is proportional to the number of integration points.

Use the following section to change to RPA:

      ! with WF correlation
      &WF_CORRELATION
        ! use the RI-GPW approach
        METHOD  RI_RPA_GPW
        &WFC_GPW
        &END
        &RI_RPA
          ! number of quadrature points, essential for accurate energies.
          ! small gap systems need more points
          RPA_NUM_QUAD_POINTS  8
          ! essentially always use minimax
          MINIMAX
          &HF
            FRACTION 1.0000000
            &SCREENING
              EPS_SCHWARZ 1.0E-8
              SCREEN_ON_INITIAL_P FALSE
            &END SCREENING
          &END HF
        &END RI_RPA
        MEMORY    1800
        NUMBER_PROC  1
      &END

It is strongly recommended to use the MINIMAX integration scheme.

3. task : condensed phase systems

Condensed phase systems are computationally are demanding. However, example input files can be found as part of the CP2K benchmarks.

While the corresponding runtimes are available online magnus-h2o-64-ri-mp2

For large runs, using a mixed MPI+OMP setup will be beneficial, and these calculations can also exploit GPUs.

Required files

input file for an RI-MP2 calculation on a benzene dimer

benzene_dimer.inp
&GLOBAL
  PROJECT      benzene_dimer
  RUN_TYPE     ENERGY
&END GLOBAL

&FORCE_EVAL
  METHOD         Quickstep
  &DFT
    ! specification of basis and potential files (cp2k/data)
    BASIS_SET_FILE_NAME    ./HFX_BASIS
    POTENTIAL_FILE_NAME    ./HF_POTENTIALS
    &MGRID
      CUTOFF    400
    &END MGRID

    &QS
      METHOD GPW
      EPS_DEFAULT  1.0E-10
      EPS_PGF_ORB  1.0E-8
    &END QS

    ! standard OT
    &SCF
      SCF_GUESS ATOMIC
      EPS_SCF 1.0E-6
      MAX_SCF 40
      &OT
        MINIMIZER       CG
        PRECONDITIONER  FULL_SINGLE_INVERSE
      &END
      &OUTER_SCF
        EPS_SCF 1.0E-6
        MAX_SCF 10
      &END
    &END SCF
   
    ! Non periodic calculation needs Poisson solver: use wavelet solver
    &POISSON            
      PERIODIC NONE
      PSOLVER  WAVELET
    &END POISSON

    &XC
      ! no XC functional
      &XC_FUNCTIONAL NONE                       
      &END XC_FUNCTIONAL
      ! and 100%HFX
      &HF         
        FRACTION    1.0 
        &SCREENING      
          EPS_SCHWARZ          1.0E-9
        &END SCREENING
        &MEMORY
          MAX_MEMORY  1800  
        &END
      &END HF
      ! with WF correlation
      &WF_CORRELATION           
        ! use the RI-GPW approach
        METHOD  RI_MP2_GPW
        &WFC_GPW
        &END
        ! block sizes and memory affect parallel efficiency
        &RI_MP2                     
          BLOCK_SIZE       1       
        &END
        MEMORY    1800
        NUMBER_PROC  1
      &END
    &END XC
  &END DFT
  
  &SUBSYS
    ! sufficiently large non-periodic unit cell
    &CELL
      ABC [angstrom]  15 15 15
      PERIODIC NONE           ! Non periodic calculation.
    &END CELL
    
! specification of an external file with coordinates 
    &COORD
  H         8.5709951714        6.1617188657        9.1769626364
  C         8.0387778483        5.9757981379        8.2528397815
  C         6.6427474511        5.9561428224        8.2430496957
  H         6.0937543445        6.1249650636        9.1610309894
  C         5.9546039990        5.7314555716        7.0475649921
  H         4.8717398728        5.7196290593        7.0404902271
  C         6.6635660065        5.5279574532        5.8611612413
  H         6.1300650069        5.3536860275        4.9350551393
  C         8.0615723757        5.5446390494        5.8709776417
  H         8.6121087088        5.3836499080        4.9523278088
  C         8.7479484762        5.7683467907        7.0666774749
  H         9.8306982448        5.7893185194        7.0736980974
  H         6.4284687494        8.8405192314        5.8228620343
  H         8.9057373702        8.8752743844        5.8387264727
  C         6.9607954533        9.0255100555        6.7471184900
  C         8.3568440363        9.0439429763        6.7567676586
  C         6.2520232187        9.2329626290        7.9335080936
  C         9.0454365692        9.2673522387        7.9522880615
  H         5.1692478273        9.2131682112        7.9263504668
  H        10.1283042427        9.2780238064        7.9594286415
  C         6.9387312641        9.4553058890        9.1292884396
  C         8.3367433685        9.4704785560        9.1388664843
  H         6.3883177411        9.6163935534       10.0479844468
  H         8.8703567259        9.6435467092       10.0651664724
    &END

    ! keep atoms away from box borders, 
    ! a requirement for the wavelet Poisson solver
    &TOPOLOGY
      &CENTER_COORDINATES     
      &END
    &END TOPOLOGY
 
    ! MP2 needs correlation consistent basis set
    ! RI-MP2 needs an auxiliary basis set
    ! We employ HF pseudo potentials
    &KIND H
      BASIS_SET         cc-TZV2P-GTH
      RI_AUX_BASIS_SET  TZ_fiodena_opt
      POTENTIAL         GTH-HF-q1      
    &END KIND
    &KIND C
      BASIS_SET         cc-TZV2P-GTH
      RI_AUX_BASIS_SET  TZ_fiodena_opt
      POTENTIAL         GTH-HF-q4
    &END KIND
  &END SUBSYS
&END FORCE_EVAL

! how to propagate the system, selection via RUN_TYPE in the &GLOBAL section
&MOTION
 &GEO_OPT
   OPTIMIZER BFGS ! Good choice for 'small' systems (use LBFGS for large systems)
   MAX_ITER  100
   MAX_DR    [bohr] 0.003 ! adjust target as needed
   &BFGS
   &END
 &END
&END
exercises/2015_pitt/mp2.txt · Last modified: 2015/03/06 12:57 by vondele