# CP2K Open Source Molecular Dynamics

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exercises:2018_ethz_mmm:bands_i_2018

# Crystallographic point groups, free electron model

Starting from 2006 Hafnium silicates replaced SiON as gate oxide in MOSFETS. The high dielectric constant of HfO2 and the ability of HfO2 to form silicates played a key role in the industrial transition.

Construct the primitive cell of the monoclinic phase of HfO2, using ASE and teh information contained in the HfO2 manuscript

Follow the instructions contained in the ASE webpage dedicated to spacegroups

and find in this article (a pdf copy is included in dropbox)

all data necessary to construct the monoclinic phase of HfO2

modify the python script hfo2.py according to your needs.

(replace “…”)

(comment the line “hfo2.write(“hfo2.png”)”)

Execution of the python script

python hfo2.py

will open the ASE visualizer showing you the structure, will produce the file hfo2.xyz, (hfo2.png)

-how many atoms are contained in the unit cell?

-compute the volume of the unit cell

Have a look at the atomic coordinates, for example in the file hfo2.xyz (where you also find the cell vectors in cartesian coordinates) and

try to reproduce them (just the 4 Hf atoms), starting from the coordinates that you find in the article and applying the symmetry operations of the space group:

1)x,y,z

2)-x,y+1/2,-z+1/2

3)-x,-y,-z

4)x,-y+1/2,z+1/2

DO NOT FORGET Periodic Boundary Conditions!! but it's simple: x,y,z are given in crystal coordinates so, if for example x=0.276 for “-x” you can use -x+1 = 0.724

usually the coordinates are provided in crystal coordinates so if a1=(a1x,a1y,a1z),a2=(a2x,a2y,a2z),a3=(a3x,a3y,a3z) are the three basis vectors of the crystal in cartesian coordinates and (x1,y1,z1) the crystal coordinates of atom 1, the cartesian coordinates of atom 1 will be: x1*a1 + x2*a2 + x3*a3

obtain teh HfO2 structure from https://materialsproject.org/