# CP2K Open Source Molecular Dynamics

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exercises:2015_ethz_mmm:ls_scf

# Linear Scaling Self Consistent Field Methods

In this exercise we will compare linear scaling SCF 10.1021/ct200897x with normal SCF methods. We will run simulations on a 2D polymer system containing up to 2400 atoms. The 2D polymer system is described in more detail in this recent publication 10.1002/adma.201304705. To make this exercise computationally feasible, will us the efficient Density Functional based Tight Binding (DFTB) method 10.1103/PhysRevB.58.7260. It requires only a minima basis, but delivers nevertheless reasonable results due to an empirical correction term called repulsion potential.

You should run these calculations on 4 nodes with bsub -n 4.

Calculate the energy of the 2D-polymer for three different system sizes, by using NREP=1, 2, and 3. Perform each calculations with the linear scaling and the normal SCF method. Plot the time required for the last SCF cycle of each calculation vs. the system size. Extrapolate the time required for an SCF cycle of a system containing 10×10 unit cells.

The number of seconds required of each SCF cycle is printed as part of the regular output.

For the normal SCF it's the 4th column in the following table:

  Step     Update method      Time    Convergence         Total energy    Change
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 P_Mix/Diag. 0.40E+00    3.7     0.15459443      -957.7477897329 -9.58E+02
2 P_Mix/Diag. 0.40E+00    5.6     0.06222675      -957.8604155443 -1.13E-01
3 DIIS/Diag.  0.11E-01    5.6     0.02839814      -957.9170257078 -5.66E-02
4 DIIS/Diag.  0.11E-01    5.6     0.02966521      -957.9973636669 -8.03E-02
5 DIIS/Diag.  0.22E-01    5.6     0.01746285      -957.9863069368  1.11E-02

For the linear scaling SCF it's the last column in lines like these:

 SCF     1      -957.747786827      -957.747786827   12.559000
...
SCF     2      -957.970635063        -0.222848235   11.204000
...
SCF     3      -957.994490590        -0.023855528   11.233000

Calculate the energy of the single unit-cell with the linear scaling method at different filter thresholds, by changing EPS_FILTER. Plot the time required for the calculation and the obtained total energy vs the threshold. How does this compare with the total energy obtained from the normal SCF method?

## Input File

2d_polymer.inp
! Number of unit cell replications, increase this to create a large polymer.
@SET NREPX 1
@SET NREPY 1

&GLOBAL
PROJECT 2d_polymer
RUN_TYPE ENERGY
&END GLOBAL

&FORCE_EVAL
&DFT
! linear scaling SCF
&LS_SCF
! TRS4, does not need an estimate for the chemical potential
PURIFICATION_METHOD TRS4
! threshold used to determine sparsity and thus speed and accuracy
EPS_FILTER 1E-5
! convergence for the SCF
EPS_SCF    1E-5
! chemical potential, an energy from within in the HOMO-LUMO gap
MU         -0.15
S_PRECONDITIONER ATOMIC
&END

! traditional SCF, diagonalization by default
&SCF
&END

&QS
LS_SCF  ! Turns on linear scaling DFT. Comment this line to run with standard SCF.

! =============================================================================================
! === Description of Hamiltonian (Density Functional Tight Binding + Smooth Particle Meshed Ewald) ===
METHOD DFTB
&DFTB
HB_SR_GAMMA
SELF_CONSISTENT    T
DO_EWALD           T
DISPERSION         T
&PARAMETER
PARAM_FILE_PATH  ./DFTB/scc
PARAM_FILE_NAME  scc_parameter
UFF_FORCE_FIELD  uff_table
&END PARAMETER
&END DFTB
&END QS

&POISSON
&EWALD
EWALD_TYPE SPME
! scale the number of points with the system size, roughly 1pt/A.
GMAX 40*${NREPX} 40*${NREPY} 40
O_SPLINE 5
&END EWALD
&END POISSON
! ==============================End of Hamiltonian Description ================================
! =============================================================================================
&END DFT

&SUBSYS
&CELL
! a 2D system, z-direction is non-periodic
ABC 23.577999 40.8383 30
MULTIPLE_UNIT_CELL ${NREPX}${NREPY} 1
&END CELL
&TOPOLOGY
MULTIPLE_UNIT_CELL ${NREPX}${NREPY} 1
&END
&COORD
@INCLUDE '2d_polymer.coord'
&END COORD
&END SUBSYS
&END FORCE_EVAL


$tar -xvzf dftb_params.tgz$ gunzip 2d_polymer.coord.gz